Residential Banner

Ants in the Home

Are Ants invading your home?

Ants are not seasonal, but some species are more visible in summer as they swarm in large numbers from their nests. They are then attracted into buildings due to the interior lights, where an abundance of food sources and warmer temperatures will also attract ants into buildings throughout the year.  

Considering that ants frequently travel through unsanitary areas before they end up on your countertops, you should take steps to get rid of ants at the first sign of an ant problem and keep these pests away from your family, pets and food.

Types of Ants in Uganda

There are many different ant species, but the most common ants in the home are:

garden ant

Garden Ants– Also referred to as black ants. Worker ants are 4-5mm in length, but the Queen can be as big as 15mm. Queens lay their eggs in the spring in nests that are typically in soil, but can be in brickwork or under bark. Garden Ants are attracted to sweet foods and leave a pheromone trail back to their nests for other ants to follow to the food source, which is how these ants can be a nuisance in the home.

pharoah ant

Pharoah’s Ants Worker ants are 1.5 -2mm in length, and the Queen is 4 - 6mm in size. Both workers and the Queen are yellow-brown in colour. Pharoah’s Ants originate from the tropics and require artificial heat in order to survive and reproduce. An ant infestation therefore usually takes place in heated buildings such as hospitals, hotels and blocks of flats. 

The Pharoah’s Ant’s diet consists largely of decomposing foodstuffs and it carries harmful germs, picked up from where it has been feeding.

red fire ant

Red Fire Ants - Worker ants are 3mm in length, with the Queen reaching 6mm in size. These ants are reddish brown in colour and live in colonies of up to 100,000 or more ants! Each ant colony is led by a Queen who lays between 150 and 200 eggs per day. Fire ants build mounds of up to 60cm high to live in and these are usually built in open, sunny spaces. Fire ants sting both animals and humans and their sting is extremely painful.

Other types of ants found in Uganda:

  • Golden Tailed Spiny Ant: According to its name, this ant is black in colour with a golden abdomen. These ants are also relative large in size - 10mm in body length and have protruding spines. They are very common in terrestrial areas, having been sighted in the Kibale Forest, collecting nectar from plant leaves and tree trunks. The nests can be found in open soil or under rocks. Although they are moderately larger than the average ant, they are not aggressive insects.
  • Driver ants (also known as siafu ants): These ants are a large group of army ants that form ant hills which can last a few days up to 3 months. Did you know that each colony can contain over 20 million ants? Worker ants are half a centimeter long, while males are 3cm in size. Driver ants are capable of stinging, but rarely do so due to their powerful shearing jaws. Their bite can be painful, leaving two puncture wounds. Driver ants especially pose threats to humans when they leave their ant hills in search of food and then form large marching colonies, that can in certain instances pass through homes.
  • Sugar Ant: This type of ant is a fairly large ant ranging from 5 - 15mm in size. The sugar ant has an orange-brown coloured abdomen with a black head and large mandibles. As their name suggests, sugar ants are attracted to sweet foods, known to feed on nectar, but will also collect liquid-secretions from insects such as aphids. Ant nests can be found in tree trunks, wood and in soil and they are also commonly found in urban areas. Although sugar ants do not sting, they will attack in force if their hive is disturbed, making use of their mandibles to ward off offenders. They will also expel acid from their abdomen if threatened by an attacker.

For more information on ant species, visit our Ants Pest Guide section.

Trust the Pest Control Experts to deal with your Ant problem:

Read our section for tips on how to get rid of ants, and how to prevent ants in the home from damaging your premises.

Our expert pest control technicians will provide you with suitable ant control solutions, such as the use of insecticides to kill ants effectively and prevent your ant problem from escalating.

Call us today on +256 414 287 160 / +256 414 694 494 or email us to arrange for an ant control expert to visit your premises. 

We will put in place an ant control solution that will get rid of ants in the home. We will also implement continued ant treatments to ensure your ant problem is dealt with effectively.