Pest Guides

Mice, Rats and Rodents

Is the very thought of rats and mice enough to send a shiver down your spine? There are several types of rodents that you really don't want to see around your premises — but the principal three are: the black rat (Rattus rattus), the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) and the house mouse (Mus domesticus)

Besides the rodents listed below, other commonly rat species found in Uganda are:

  • Arvicanthis niloticus (known as the Nile Rat, African Grass Rat or Kusu Rat): These rats are average in size, with the length of the head and of the body between 159 and 202 mm. They prefer inhabiting grasslands, savanna and shrub-lands. These types of rats are widespread and can also be found in urban areas and near villages.
  • Lophuromys flavopunctatus (Yellow-spotted Brush-Furred Rat): They have soft brush-like hair and they range from tan to dark
    brown in colour with specks on their fur. The underside of these rats is rusty, orange, brown, or cream in colour. The average body length of these rats are 120 mm. They prefer terrestrial areas such as moist forests and grassy areas and are omnivorous and are widely distributed in Uganda.
  • Lophuromys sikapusi (Rusty-Bellied Brush-Furred Rat): These rodents are 111mm in size with a stubby body and short legs.
    They are dark brown in colour with coarse fur. They occupy a large geographical range and inhabit areas with moist
    grasslands and will eat almost anything from ants, seeds, palms and other soft bodied insects. These rats can be quite
    aggressive, engaging in fights with other rats.
  • Tachyoryctes splendens (East African mole rat): This rat is around 200mm in size, living in burrows in terrestrial areas such as coffee plantations, grasslands and can also be found in both rural and urban areas. This rat is mostly seen in rainy seasons, and if their burrows become flooded, they can swim for 2 minutes at a time are known to walk for 80 meters above ground. This rat can be quite costly in regions where their burrows can affect agricultural areas.
  • Acomys percivali (Spiny mouse): This lowland species is found in sparse rocky regions and dry shrublands of Northeastern Uganda. The spiny mouse has a long, pointed face with cone shaped ears, is yellow coloured and around 7-15cm in body length. This mouse species can run, climb and can jump surprisingly high. They are widespread in population and are carriers of typhus and other illnesses.

Learn how to get rid of rats and mice and keep these pesky critters away by discovering their habits below: