Pest Guides

Crane Fly

Tipulidae oleracea

Appearance

Crane Fly

  • The adult Crane Fly is 60mm in length, with a wingspan of 75mm.
  • Crane Flies are grey–brown in colour and have a slender body. Their legs are very thin and long.
  • The larvae of Crane Flies are 15–75mm. They are worm–like and grey, brown or cream–coloured.

Lifecycle

  • The eggs of Crane Flies are laid over the water of a pond or lake, or on the vegetation near the lake shore and hatch after about six weeks
  • The larvae of Crane Flies live in the water or in moist soil for up to five years depending on the species.
  • In the spring season, larvae pupate and then emerges as adults.

Habits

  • Some larval crane flies are predatory and may intermittently eat mosquito larvae. As adults they feed on nectar, or do not feed at all. Crane Flies neither bite nor sting.
  • The larvae, called “leather jackets”, consume roots (such as garden lawns) and other vegetation.