Pest Guides

Pharaoh's Ant

Monomorium pharaonis

Appearance

Pharaoh's Ant
  • Workers are 1.5–2mm in length, yellow–brown in colour, with brown abdomen.
  • Males are 3mm in length, and are black and winged.
  • Queens are 3.5–6mm in length, dark red in colour, with wings.
  • Pharaoh’s ants have black eyes, and two small segments at the pedicel.

Lifecycle

  • The Pharaoh’s Ants are known to have multi–queen ant colonies.
  • Swarming of these ants can take place at any time of the year.
  • Winged adults seldom fly, which is why they are rarely seen. Their wings are soon lost after mating.

Habits

  • Well–defined trails are laid which are often associated with heating systems. This type of ant species feed indoors on high protein foods, such as meat, fats, blood, dead insects, etc.
  • Swarming characteristics: a new ant colony is often formed through nests that have been disturbed e.g., as a result of insecticide spray treatments. Each queen produces up to 3 500 eggs in its lifetime.
  • Ant nest locations: Pharaoh’s ants are deep seated in cavities in heated buildings, and are also often found in hospitals. These ants are associated with humid conditions. An ant colony can range from a few dozen to 300,000 individuals.

Read more about how to prevent ants in the home and tips on how to get rid of ants

Are ants invading your premises? Ask the experts to put in place an ant control solution to remove and prevent these crawling insects from entering your property.